Best answer: How do I find unique lines in Linux?

The uniq command in Linux is a command line utility that reports or filters out the repeated lines in a file. In simple words, uniq is the tool that helps to detect the adjacent duplicate lines and also deletes the duplicate lines.

How do I find unique lines in a file?

Find unique lines

  1. The file must be sorted first. sort file | uniq -u will output to console for you. – ma77c. …
  2. I think the reason sort file | uniq shows all the values 1 time is because it immediately prints the line it encounters the first time, and for the subsequent encounters, it just skips them. – Reeshabh Ranjan.

How do I find unique records in Unix?

Let us now see the different ways to find the duplicate record.

  1. Using sort and uniq: $ sort file | uniq -d Linux. …
  2. awk way of fetching duplicate lines: $ awk ‘{a[$0]++}END{for (i in a)if (a[i]>1)print i;}’ file Linux. …
  3. Using perl way: …
  4. Another perl way: …
  5. A shell script to fetch / find duplicate records:
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What does uniq do in Linux?

The uniq command can count and print the number of repeated lines. Just like duplicate lines, we can filter unique lines (non-duplicate lines) as well and can also ignore case sensitivity. We can skip fields and characters before comparing duplicate lines and also consider characters for filtering lines.

How do I remove duplicate lines in Linux?

You need to use shell pipes along with the following two Linux command line utilities to sort and remove duplicate text lines:

  1. sort command – Sort lines of text files in Linux and Unix-like systems.
  2. uniq command – Rport or omit repeated lines on Linux or Unix.

Which command is used to identify files?

The ‘file’ command is used to identify the types of file. This command tests each argument and classifies it. The syntax is ‘file [option] File_name’.

What is the use of awk in Linux?

Awk is a utility that enables a programmer to write tiny but effective programs in the form of statements that define text patterns that are to be searched for in each line of a document and the action that is to be taken when a match is found within a line. Awk is mostly used for pattern scanning and processing.

How do you find repeated words in Linux?


  1. First you can tokenize the words with grep -wo , each word is printed on a singular line.
  2. Then you can sort the tokenized words with sort .
  3. Finally can find consecutive unique or duplicate words with uniq . 3.1. uniq -c This prints the words and their count.
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How print duplicate lines in Unix?

Unix / Linux : How to print duplicate lines from file

  1. In above command :
  2. sort – sort lines of text files.
  3. 2.file-name – Give your file name.
  4. uniq – report or omit repeated lines.
  5. Given below is example. Here, we are find the duplicate lines in file name called list. With cat command, we have shown the content of file.

What is the difference between and >> operators in Linux?

So, what we learned is, the “>” is the output redirection operator used for overwriting files that already exist in the directory. While, the “>>” is an output operator as well, but, it appends the data of an existing file. Often, both of these operators are used together to modify files in Linux.

How does grep work in Linux?

The grep filter searches a file for a particular pattern of characters, and displays all lines that contain that pattern. The pattern that is searched in the file is referred to as the regular expression (grep stands for globally search for regular expression and print out).

How do I get rid of duplicate lines?

Remove duplicate values

  1. Select the range of cells that has duplicate values you want to remove. Tip: Remove any outlines or subtotals from your data before trying to remove duplicates.
  2. Click Data > Remove Duplicates, and then Under Columns, check or uncheck the columns where you want to remove the duplicates. …
  3. Click OK.

How many types of permissions a file has in Unix?

Explanation: In UNIX system, a file can have three types of permissions -read, write and execute.

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What is bin sh Linux?

/bin/sh is an executable representing the system shell and usually implemented as a symbolic link pointing to the executable for whichever shell is the system shell. The system shell is basically the default shell that the script should use.

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