How would you troubleshoot a Linux system that will not boot?

How do I troubleshoot boot issues in Linux?

To fix Linux boot snags, make sure that everything on your hard disk is mounted, enter a chroot setup and next use the grub-install command to install GRUB again. If you decide to install GRUB in the MBR and the hard disk is addressed by the device file /dev/sda, you would use the command grub-install /dev/sda.

How do I boot Linux into recovery mode?

How to ENTER into Recovery mode in Ubuntu Linux

  1. Switch on your computer.
  2. Wait until the BIOS has finished loading, or has almost finished. …
  3. Quickly press and hold the Shift key , which will bring up the GNU GRUB menu. …
  4. Press Return and your machine will begin the boot process.

How do I resolve kernel panic in Linux?

The first thing to do after seeing a kernel panic error is not to panic ,because now you are aware of the image file related to the error. Step 1: Boot the system normally with your given kernel version. This is your kernel panic situation. Step 2: Reboot your machine again and select the rescue prompt.

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How do I run boot repair?

The graphical way

  1. Insert your Ubuntu CD, reboot your computer and set it to boot from CD in the BIOS and boot into a live session. You can also use a LiveUSB if you have created one in the past.
  2. Install and run Boot-Repair.
  3. Click “Recommended Repair”.
  4. Now reboot your system. The usual GRUB boot menu should appear.

What are the booting issues in Linux?

How to Find Out Linux Boot Issues or Error Messages

  • /var/log/boot.log – Logs System Boot Messages. This is probably the first file you want to look into, to view all that unfolded during the system boot. …
  • /var/log/messages – General System Logs. …
  • dmesg – Shows Kernel Messages. …
  • journalctl – Query Contents of Systemd Journal.

How do I get to the boot menu on Linux Mint?

In EFI mode, highlight the Start Linux Mint option and press e to modify the boot options. Replace quiet splash with nomodeset and press F10 to boot. In BIOS mode, highlight Start Linux Mint and press Tab to modify the boot options. Replace quiet splash with nomodeset and press Enter to boot.

How do I enable GRUB menu?

With BIOS, quickly press and hold the Shift key, which will bring up the GNU GRUB menu. (If you see the Ubuntu logo, you’ve missed the point where you can enter the GRUB menu.) With UEFI press (perhaps several times) the Escape key to get grub menu. Select the line which starts with “Advanced options”.

How do I get into the BIOS in Linux?

Power off the system. Power the system on and quickly press the “F2” button until you see the BIOS setting menu.

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What causes kernel panic?

The most likely cause is faulty software. A kernel panic can also be caused by damaged or incompatible hardware, including external devices attached to your Mac. If the kernel panic is caused by a known problem, the faulty software is identified.

Is kernel panic bad?

Yes, sometimes a kernel panic can indicate bad/damaged or incompatible hardware.

What is emergency mode in Linux?

The emergency mode provides a minimum Linux environment to recover our system if an OS cannot boot into the rescue mode. In the emergency mode, Linux mounts the root file system as read-only. If we press Control + D, the system will start booting, but in some time it gets back to the emergency mode.

Can I repair ubuntu with live-USB?

If you have a Ubuntu live CD or a USB live stick, you can repair the GRUB bootloader and save your operating system.

How do I restore grub?


  1. Place your SLES/SLED 10 CD 1 or DVD in the drive and boot up to the CD or DVD. …
  2. Enter the command “fdisk -l”. …
  3. Enter the command “mount /dev/sda2 /mnt”. …
  4. Enter the command “grub-install –root-directory=/mnt /dev/sda”. …
  5. Once this command completes successfully reboot your system by entering the command “reboot”.

How do I update grub menu?

3 Answers

  1. In your Ubuntu open a terminal (press Ctrl + Alt + T at the same time)
  2. Make the changes you would like to make and save them.
  3. Close gedit. Your terminal should still be open.
  4. In the terminal type sudo update-grub , wait for the update to finish.
  5. Reboot your computer.
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